Tarixiy Reshidiy - I-II kitab

30.10.09 | Admin


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<b>Tarixiy Reshidiy - I-II- kitab</b>
Author: Mirza Muhemmed Heyder K&#246;regan
Publisher:Beijing.,Mill&#259;tl&#259;r N&#259;shriyati
Format / Quality: Pdf/DjVu
Size: 42 Mb
Language:Uyghur-Chinese

Цитата:
Ataqliq tarixchi , shair Mirza Muhemmed Heyder Koragan miladiye 13 - esirning bashliridin tartip manglays&#246;yer rayonigha h&#246;k&#252;mranliq qilish dawamida peydinpey uyghurliship ketken mungghullarning doghlat qebilisidin bolup , miladiye 1500 - yili moghulistan xanliqigha qarashliq keshtan rayonining tashkent shehiride dunyagha kelgen . Eyni chaghda uning dadisi muhemmed h&#252;seyin k&#246;regan moghulistan xani mehmudxanning y&#233;qin dosti bolup , xan uninggha singlisi xobin'gar xanimni yatliq qilip , uni k&#246;reganliq ornigha k&#246;t&#252;rgen we &#246;re t&#246;pe rayonining hakimi qilghanidi . Mirza heyder ata - anisining nechche pushtighiche hemmisi xanlarning newre tuqqanliridin ikenlikini &#233;ytip k&#233;lip , nesebini doghlat emiri polajighiche s&#252;ridu . ( "Tarixiy reshidi" din ) xobin'gar xanim babur shahning qutluq nigar xanimning singlisi bolup , mirza heydermu &#246;z n&#246;w&#233;tide zehriddin muhemmed babur we mehmudxanning inisi ehmedxanning oghli seidxanlar bilen bir newre tughqanlardin idi . Mirza heyder toqquz yashqa kirgen yili uning dadisi sheybanixanning s&#252;yqesti bilen hiratta &#246;lt&#252;r&#252;lidu .Eyni waqitta mirza heyder buxarada , hedisining y&#233;nida idi . Sheybanixan mirza heyderning ata - anisi we q&#233;rindashlirining k&#246;p qismini &#246;lt&#252;r&#252;sh bilen qalmay , mirza heydernimu &#246;lt&#252;r&#252;sh s&#252;yqestini pilanlaydu . Mirza heyder dadisining y&#233;qinlirining yardimide bedexshanning zeper qel'esige b&#233;rip panahlinidu . Miladiye 1509 - yili u babur shah teripidin kabolgha chaqiriw&#233;lin'ghan we babur shahning atilarche ghemxorliqigha &#233;rishken .Yandurqi yili u babur shahning mawera&#252;nnehrge --- sheybanixan'gha qarshi &#233;lip barghan herbiy y&#252;r&#252;shige qatnashqan. Eyni chaghda sultan seidxan semerqendte xanliq textige olturup enjanda turuwatqan we mirza heyderning hedisini nikahigha alghanidi . Miladiye 1512 - yili mirza heyder enjan'gha b&#233;rip , sultan seidxanning xizmitige kirgen . Miladiye 1513 - yili sultan seidxan kichik qizini mirza heyderge nikahlap b&#233;rip , uni k&#246;reganliq ornigha k&#246;t&#252;rgen . Mirza heyder sultan seidxan'gha minnetdarlighini bild&#252;r&#252;p , uning bilen bille &#246;tk&#252;zgen hayati toghrisida t&#246;wendikilerni yazidu :
".... Sultan seidxan atiliq shepqiti bilen m&#233;ni yitimlik tesiridin xalas qildi . Muhebbet we tughqanliq m&#233;hir - shepqitini shu qeder ching we uzun'ghiche k&#246;rsettiki , uninggha hetta xanning buraderliri we perzentlirimu heset qilishatti . Taki 24 yil u xanning jennet makan xizmitide h&#252;ner - kesplerdin , exlaq - -peziletlerdin we ilim - meripetlerdin telim &#233;lish bilen meshghul bolup , ulughluq we heshemet bilen hayat kech&#252;rd&#252;m . Xet p&#252;tmek , sh&#233;ir &#233;ytmaq , insha ( nesr y&#233;ziqchiliqi ) ressamliq , neqqashliq ilimliride , zamanning imtiyazliqi , belki mahirliridin boldum . .... Qisqisi hemme h&#252;ner - sen'etlerde shu derijige yettimki , u h&#252;ner - kesplerning y&#233;t&#252;k alimliri we mahir ustazliri p&#233;qirgha shagirt bolmaqqimu ajiz keldi . Bu hemme pezilet we h&#252;nerlerni igilishimge xanning saye - sewebliri we tirishchanliqliri seweb boldi . Uning &#252;stige seltenet ishliri , k&#233;ngesh - meslihet usulliri , jeng qaidiliri , k&#233;chilik hujum , oqya &#233;tish , ow owlash , owgha y&#233;tekchilik qilish qatarliq d&#246;let ishlirida z&#246;r&#252;r lazim bolghan barliq kesplerning hemmiside ustazim we terbiyichim hezriti xan idi . Yuqirida zikir qilin'ghan h&#252;nerlerning k&#246;pinchiside yene xan'gha shagirt idim . "
Mirza heyder 24 y&#233;shidin bashlap herbiy ishlargha arilashqan we qoshun qomandani s&#252;pitide herbiy y&#252;r&#252;shlerge ishtirak qilghan . Miladiye 1530 - yili sultan seidxan bilen bille bedexshan'gha y&#252;r&#252;sh qilghanda , u aldin y&#252;rer qisimning qomandani bolghan .
Miladiye 1532 - yili 7 - ayda sultan seidxan tibetke ghezat urushi &#252;ch&#252;n atlan'ghanda , mirza heyder qoshun qomandani bolup , tibetke aldi bilen y&#252;r&#252;sh qilghan . Bu jeryanda u arqa - arqidin ghelibilik y&#252;r&#252;shlerni qilip , tibetning bir qisim jaylirini we keshmirni ishghal qilghan . Sultan seidxan mirza heyderning bu t&#246;hpisini yuquri bahalap , uni p&#252;t&#252;n qoshunning bash qomandani qilip belgiligen hemde uninggha orsang (lxasa) ni ishghal qilishni buyrughan . Sultan seidxan shu q&#233;tim ladaxtin yeken'ge qaytish sepiride alemdin &#246;tkendin k&#233;yin mirza eli taghay ( mirza heyder uni "alwasti shahi" dep ataydu ) qatarliqlar birlikte pilanlap , sultan seidxan namidin bir parche wesiyet x&#233;ti oydurup chiqip , k&#252;yoghli yadikar muhemmed arqiliq aqsugha , sultan abdureshidxan'gha ewetidu . Bu atalmish "wesiyetname" de : " m&#233;ning eslide tibetke ghazat urushi qilip b&#233;rish niyitim yoq idi , seid muhemmed mirza ( mirza heyderning terbiye atisini d&#233;mekchi -- aychiwer ) we mirza heyder m&#233;ni mushu qedemni b&#233;sishqa qistighanidi . Oghlum abdureshid bu ikkisini &#246;l&#252;mge h&#246;k&#252;m qilmisa , m&#233;ning baqiy dunyada k&#246;z&#252;m yumulmaydu .... Ular bir k&#252;n mewjut bolidiken , hakimiyet bir k&#252;nmu m&#233;ning oghullirimgha mensub bolalmaydu " d&#233;gendek s&#246;zler y&#233;zilghanidi . Seid muhemmed mirza qeshqerdin yeken'ge k&#233;lip sultan seidxanning matem murasimini &#246;tk&#252;zidu , mirza eli taghay bilen birlikte xanliqning hemme ishlirini xan bar waqittikidek yaxshi orunlashturup , sultan abdureshidxanning aqsudin k&#233;lip xanliq textige olturushini k&#252;tidu .Abdureshidxan hijiriye kalindari boyiche zulhejje &#233;yi ( 12 - ay ) ning axirqi k&#252;ni yeken'ge y&#233;tip k&#233;lidu . Seid muhemmed mirza xan jemetidiki kishilerni sheher sirtidiki abdureshidxan ch&#252;shk&#252;n qilghan jayda bir k&#233;che qonup , etisi sheherge kirip xanliq textke olturush teklipini b&#233;ridu . Mirza eli taghay abdureshidxan bilen ayrim k&#246;r&#252;sh&#252;p : " bu bir s&#252;yqest , ular tibettiki iskender sultanini xan qilip tiklimekchi " deydu . Y&#233;ngi yil k&#252;ni abdureshidxan sheherge kiridu we aldi bilen xanlar qebristanliqigha (altunluqqa) b&#233;rip , dadisining tupraq b&#233;shini yoqlaydu . Musibet kiyimi kiyip aldigha kelgen seid muhemmed mirzini &#246;l&#252;mge buyruydu , eli seidmu oxshash teqdirge uchraydu . Abdureshidxan altunluqtin qaytip k&#233;lip taj kiyish murasimigha qatnishidu , andin mirza eli taghayni qeshqerge ewetip seid muhemmed mirzining ikki oghlini , ababekrining bir oghlini &#246;lt&#252;rg&#252;zidu .
Mirza heyder bu chaghda abdureshidxanning inisi iskender sultan bilen birlikte tibettiki japaliq herbiy y&#252;r&#252;shini dawamlashturuwatatti . U bu ishlardin xewer tapqandin k&#233;yin qattiq ch&#246;ch&#252;ydu hemde abdureshidxanning bu qilmishlirida , asasliqi uning y&#233;nidiki ustazi emir muhemmed barlasning qoli barliqini &#233;ytidu .Miladiye 1534 - yili 1 - ayda mirza heyder orsang (lxasa) gha qilin'ghan 60 k&#252;nl&#252;k y&#252;r&#252;sh dawamida charchighan qoshunni arqigha qayturuwatqan mezgilde abdureshidxandin xewerchi k&#233;lip , mirza heyderning bir newre q&#233;rindishi muhemmed mirza bilen tibette q&#233;lishini , qoshunni tarqitiw&#233;tishini buyrughan . Bu uning "yoqal" d&#233;gini idi . Shuning bilen mirza heyder bedexshan'gha yol alghan . Qaraqurumdin &#246;t&#252;p bedexshan'gha kiridighan yol &#233;ghizida kelgende , yeken'ge qaytip k&#233;tiwatqan iskender sultan uninggha y&#233;tiship k&#233;lip , &#246;zi bilen yeken'ge qaytishni &#246;t&#252;n'gen . Mirza heyder : " s&#233;ning u q&#233;rindishing g&#233;pide turmaydu , uning herikiti bu nuqtini ispatlidi , uningdin h&#233;chqandaq m&#233;hir - shepqet k&#252;tkili bolmaydu " dep iskender sultanning teklipini ret qilghan . Mirza heyder bedexshan ch&#233;grisidiki qoqendke barghanda abdureshidxanning qol astidiki biri uning bilen k&#246;r&#252;shidu . Mirza heyder abdureshidxan'gha qaritip uyghur tilida yazghan birqanche sh&#233;irini uninggha b&#233;rip , igisige tapshurup b&#233;rishni &#233;ytidu . Bu sh&#233;irlarda sultan abdureshidxan'gha bolghan aghrinishi ipadilen'gen idi .
Mirza heyder qoqendte turuwatqan mezgilde iskender sultan mirza heyderning ayalini &#233;lip qoqendtke k&#233;lip , uning bilen yene bir q&#233;tim xoshlishidu .
Mirza heyder qishni bedexshanda &#246;tk&#252;z&#252;p , etiyazda hindistanda hakimiyet y&#252;rg&#252;z&#252;watqan baburning oghli homayunning inisi kamran mirzining q&#233;shigha baridu . Kamran mirza qoshunigha bashchiliq qilip afghan isyanchilirini basturidu . Miladiye 1539 - yili u humayunning q&#233;shigha qayta k&#233;lidu we humayunning tapshuruqi boyiche keshmirni yene bir ishghal qilip , u yerning h&#246;k&#252;mrani bolidu . Miladiye 1551 - yili &#246;z qoshunliri arisidiki taghliq isyanchilarning biri atqan oqya oqi bilen qaza tapidu .

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