History of Philosophy in Islam by T. J. De Boer

03.11.13 | yabgu


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History of Philosophy in Islam
Author: T. J. De Boer
Publisher: Cosmo
Publication date: 1903/1983
Number of pages: 234
Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 9,52 Мb
Language: English

Цитата:
This is a well-written and authoritative review of the history of Islamic philosophy during the middle ages. Medieval Islamic civilization at its height was a center of learning, and its philosophers were no exception. Islamic philosophers grappled with issues such as free-will, causality and the nature of reality. Some of these figures are still well-known, such as Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Roshd (Averroes), the Sufi Gazali, and Kindi.

These thinkers drew on many sources, including Indian philosophy (such as the Upanishads) and the ancient Greek philosophers, particularly Aristotle, whose works were considered the highest authority. In turn, Aristotelianism was picked up by by the Catholic Church and virtually enshrined as doctrine, particularly in the realm of natural science. This endured until the experimental method was used to test Aristotle in the renaissance, and his dominance was overthrown.

Contents

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Introduction
1. The Theatre
2. Oriental Wisdom
3. Greek Science
II. Philosophy and Arab Knowledge
1. Grammatical Science
2. Ethical Teaching
3. Doctrinal Systems
4. Literature and History
III. The Pythagorean Philosophy
1. Natural Philosophy
2. The Faithful Brethren of Basra
IV. The Neo-Platonic Aristotelians of the East
1. Kindi
2. Farabi
3. Ibn Maskawaih
4. Ibn Sina
5. Ibn al-Haitham
V. The Outcome of Philosophy in the East
1. Gazali
2. The Epitomists
VI. Philosophy in the West
1. Beginnings
2. Ibn Baddja
3. Ibn Tofail
4. Ibn Roshd
VII. Conclusion
1. Ibn Khaldun
2. The Arabs and Scholasticism
Index of Personal Names
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